What is Article 355 of Indian Constitution: Detailed Article [Don’t miss it]

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Do you know What is Article 355 of the Indian Constitution and how it is important for us? In this article, we will learn in detail about Article 355 and if you also want to know what is Article 355 in detail, then make sure to read this article till the end.

What is Article 355?

According to Article 355 of the Indian Constitution, the Union Government is required to defend each state from external aggression and internal unrest. This article emphasizes that it is the responsibility of the Union to make sure that every state’s government operates in conformity with the Constitution’s rules.

The clause is significant for India because it provides a means of preserving the country’s territorial integrity and unity, both of which are necessary for the advancement and prosperity of the country. In order to uphold peace and order and safeguard national sovereignty, the Union Government may, in accordance with Article 355, give the state governments the necessary instructions.

It also gives the Union Government the ability to take the necessary steps to stop any threat to the integrity and unity of the nation, including armed rebellion and terrorist actions.

Therefore, Article 355 is a crucial clause that gives the Union Government the authority to take the necessary actions to safeguard peace, harmony, and stability in the nation.

What is the Significance of Article 355 of the Constitution of India

The Indian Constitution’s Article 355 is extremely important since it establishes the Union Government’s responsibility to defend each state from external aggression and domestic unrest. It requires the Union Government to make sure that every state’s government operates in conformity with the Constitution’s rules.

The significance of Article 355 rests in the fact that it gives the Union Government a legal framework within which to take the required actions to safeguard India’s sovereignty and integrity. It gives the Union Government the authority to direct the state governments to take the necessary actions for this goal. This clause guarantees that the Union Government is in charge of the nation’s security and that it is able to take the necessary actions to protect the nation’s unity and integrity.

The Union Government has previously used this article to address instances of domestic unrest and external hostility. For instance, the Union Government used this article to aid the state of Assam during the Chinese attack in 1962. Similar to this, the Union Government used this article to address the internal unrest during the Punjab Crisis in the 1980s.

The importance of Article 355 rests in the fact that it gives the Union Government the authority to take the necessary actions to safeguard India’s sovereignty and integrity. It is a crucial clause that guarantees the safety of the nation and the efficient operation of its federal government.

Article 355 Vs 356

The Indian Constitution’s Articles 355 and 356 both address the interactions between the Union Government and the States as well as their responsibilities and authority in ensuring the effective operation of the federal system. The two articles do differ in a few ways, though.

The Union Government is required by Article 355 to defend each Indian state against external aggression and domestic unrest. It gives the Union Government the authority to direct the state governments to take the required actions to safeguard India’s sovereignty and integrity. Since Article 355 is a non-justiciable provision, the Union Government is free to decide how to execute it without interference from the courts.

Article 356 on the other hand, deals with imposing President’s Rule within a state. In the event that the state’s constitutional machinery malfunctions, it gives the President of India the authority to take over the state government’s duties and make the required arrangements for the state’s governance. The President’s decision to enact President’s Rule is subject to judicial review because this clause is justiciable.

In conclusion, whereas Article 355 addresses the Union Government’s responsibility to safeguard India’s sovereignty and integrity, Article 356 addresses the issue of a state’s constitutional machinery failing and the imposition of President’s Rule. Both clauses are crucial for guaranteeing the efficient operation of India’s federal system.

What is Article 355 of Indian Constitution UPSC

The Indian Constitution’s Article 355 is a crucial subject for the UPSC exam. It is a clause that requires the Union Government to defend each Indian state from external assault and domestic unrest. The provision gives the Union Government the authority to direct the state governments to take the required actions to safeguard India’s sovereignty and integrity.

Candidates for the UPSC should be well-versed about Article 355 and its importance to the integrity and unity of the nation. They must to be informed about the numerous problems with internal and external security as well as the steps that the Union Government might take to safeguard the nation’s sovereignty. The subject might be covered in the exam’s General Studies and Current Affairs sections, among others. Understanding the constitutional clauses relating to national security and how they affect the way the nation is governed is crucial.

Conclusion for What is Article 355

To sum up (What is Article 355), Article 355 of the Indian Constitution is a crucial clause that requires the Union Government to defend each state in India against external aggression and domestic unrest. The article stresses the significance of upholding India’s sovereignty and integrity, which is necessary for the Indian Union to continue existing as a democratic, secular, and sovereign country.

Article 355 gives the Union Government the authority to take the necessary steps to safeguard the sovereignty and integrity of the country in the event of a danger, serving as a reminder of the Union Government’s commitment to maintaining the safety and security of all the states in India. It also emphasizes the value of cooperative federalism, in which the federal government and state governments collaborate to handle shared problems and pursue shared objectives.

Overall, Article 355 is a significant clause that expresses the Union Government’s commitment to upholding the federal system of the Indian Union as well as its duty to defend India’s sovereignty and integrity.

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